The GovLab Index on Internet Governance — Code

Please find below the latest installment of the GovLab Index on Internet Governance, inspired by the Harper’s Index. “Internet Governance — Code” is part of a series of Indexes that focus on the five main areas within Internet Governance: access, content, code, trust, and trade. This edition focuses on the IPv4 to IPv6 transition and the introduction of new generic top level domains (gTLDs). Previous installments include Internet Governance — Content and Internet Governance — Access.

IPv4 to IPv6 Transition

  • How many bits are in an IPv4 address: 32 bits
  • Number of Internet addresses possible with IPv4: 4.3 billion
  • How many bits are in an IPv6 address: 128 bits
  • Number of Internet addresses possible with IPv6: 340 undecillion (3.4 × 1038) addresses
  • Year in which the Internet Society first organized World IPv6 Day, a coordinated 24-hour “test flight” that helped demonstrate major websites around the world are well positioned for the move to an IPv6 world: 2011
  • Percentage of users who access Google using IPv6 in September 2014: 4.5%
  • IPv6 deployment in the USA: 32%
  • Highest IPv6 deployment in Asia and Oceania: Japan, 30%
    • Deployment in China: 6.5%
    • Deployment in India: 21%
  • Highest IPv6 deployment in Europe: Belgium, 47%
  • Highest IPv6 deployment in South America: Peru, 25%
  • Highest IPv6 deployment in Africa: Tunisia, 23%
  • How many Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) exist to provide number resource allocation and registration services that support the global operation of the Internet: 5

New gTLDs

  • How many generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs) existed in 2012 (including .com, .org, etc.): 22
  • How many country-specific TLDs exist today (including .de, .nl, and 295
  • Number of applications for new gTLDs submitted to ICANN as of July 2014: 1930
    • Those in North America: 911
    • Europe: 675
    • Asia Pacific: 303
    • South America: 24
    • Africa: 17
  • Evaluation fee paid to ICANN to apply for a new gTLD: $185,000
  • How many new gTLD applications have been “delegated”, i.e., introduced into the Internet as of 29 Aug 2014: 378
    • How many applications have been withdrawn: 238
    • How many are pending string contention resolution: 479
  • Top five new gTLDs as of September 08, 2014:
    • .xyz (481,774 registrations, 22% of total)
    • .berlin (138,577 registrations, 6% of total)
    • .club (103,429 registrations, 4% of total)
    • .guru (70,351 registrations, 3% of total)
    • .wang (64,180 registrations, 2.9% of total)
  • Biggest selling Internationalized Domain Name (IDN): .在线 (.online) (35,849 registrations)


  • Number of marketers surveyed in the U.S. who said new gTLDs would make the Internet confusing: 75%
    • How many total U.S. respondents espoused this view: 50%
    • How many respondents globally espoused this view: 43%


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